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1920 Aerial Photography of the Atlantic Coast of New Jersey from Cape May to Sea Bright and Sandy Hook, United States of America

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What does this data set describe?

Title:
1920 Aerial Photography of the Atlantic Coast of New Jersey from Cape May to Sea Bright and Sandy Hook, United States of America
Abstract:
These are black and white aerial photographs of the Atlantic coast of New Jersey. Photograph date is believed to be March 1920, based on hand-written notation on some of the storage envelopes and other sources. In addition, photo 012 shows Turtle Gut Inlet to be open, and the inlet closed naturally in 1921. Sandy Hook photographs, nos. 201-211, may be a later date. Source of paper prints: photographic archives of the Beach Erosion Board (predecessor of the former Coastal Engineering Research Center), presently stored at the Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineer Research and Development Center, in Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA. Print condition: variable. These prints look like they were made quickly because many of the negatives are crooked on the photographic paper. Most are low contrast and show fading and discoloration. Printed on single-weight glossy paper. The printing date is unknown.
Supplemental_Information:
From the Annual Report of the Director, U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey June 30, 1920 (p. 88): "In March 1920, the Army Air Service photographed the coast line of New Jersey from Cape May to Seabright. A single flight was made, using the k-1 camera. The plane flew at an altitude of 10,000 feet, and under very good air conditions. The camera was mounted in gimbals, with a lead weight at its lowest point to assist in maintaining the optical axis of the camera in a vertical position. Level bubbles were placed on the camera to aid in keeping the camera in the proper position. The photographs are being used to revise the charts of the coast of New Jersey. The individual photographs are 18 x 24 cm. in size, and the approximate scale is 1:10000. The photographs are mounted in strip mosaics, for convenience sake, not over 4 feet in length. The length is generally determined by the position of control points. This composite photograph is compared with the topographic sheet of the same area and control points identified. The scale of the photographic mosaic is determined, and by means of pantograph the data are reduced to the scale of the chart and transferred from the photographs to tracing paper." "The photographing of the 120 miles of coast line took less than 2 hours time in the airplane. The development of the films and printing took 2 daysí time of one man. Two rolls of film were used, a total of 183 photographs. The work of interpreting the photographs, assembling mosaics, comparison with topographic sheets, and reduction to the scale of the chart of the outside shore line required 15 days office work by one engineer."
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    Coastal and Hydraulics Laborato, Engineer Research and Development Center, 20050224, 1920 Aerial Photography of the Atlantic Coast of New Jersey from Cape May to Sea Bright and Sandy Hook, United States of America.

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.92
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.98
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.71
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.92

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 19200301
    Beginning_Time: 0000
    Ending_Date: 19200330
    Ending_Time: 2359
    Currentness_Reference: 20130301

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

    Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
    remote-sensing images TIFF format, raster images, 600 x 600 dpi and JPEG format, raster images, 300 x 300 dpi.

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineer Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
    c/o Andrew Morang
    Research Physical Scientist
    3909 Halls Ferry Road, ATTN: CEERD-HN-CE
    Vicksburg, MS 39180-6199
    US

    (601)634-2064 (voice)
    (601)634-3080 (FAX)
    andrew.morang@usace.army.mil

    Hours_of_Service:
    7:45 AM to 4:15 PM (Central), Monday through Friday, excluding federal holidays
    Contact_Instructions: None


Why was the data set created?

These historical photographs have been scanned and digital files produced. The files will be available for researchers and coastal managers to analyze shoreline change, urbanization trends, wetland loss, transportation patterns, coastal protection structures, and geomorphic changes.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

    (source 1 of 1)
    Service, Army Air , Unknown, Aerial Photography of the Atlantic Coast of New Jersey from Cape May to Sea Bright and Sandy Hook, United States of America.

    Type_of_Source_Media: Silver gelatin paper prints
    Source_Contribution: 200 black and white aerial photographs

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 11-Jan-2005 (process 1 of 1)
    The black and white photographs were converted to TIFF images at a resolution of 600 x 600 dpi using a UMAX PowerLook 1000 scanner with SilverFast v6.2.0r6 software.

    Person who carried out this activity:

    Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineering Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
    c/o Doyle L. Jones
    Physical Scientist
    3909 Halls Ferry Road, ATTN: CEERD-HN-CD
    Vicksburg, MS 39180-6199
    US

    (601) 634-2069 (voice)
    (601) 634-3080 (FAX)
    Doyle.L.Jones@usace.army.mil

    Hours_of_Service:
    7:45 AM to 4:15 PM (Central), Monday through Friday, excluding federal holidays
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?


How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineering Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
    c/o Andrew Morang
    Research Physical Scients
    3909 Halls Ferry Road, ATTN: CEERD-HN-CE
    Vicksburg, MS 39180-6199
    US

    (601) 634-2064 (voice)
    (601) 634-3080 (FAX)
    andrew.morang@erdc.usace.army.mil

    Hours_of_Service:
    7:45 AM to 4:15 PM (Central), Monday through Friday, excluding federal holidays
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    None

  4. How can I download or order the data?

  5. Is there some other way to get the data?

    None

  6. What hardware or software do I need in order to use the data set?

    Internet access only


Who wrote the metadata?

Dates:
Last modified: 01-Mar-2013
Metadata author:
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineer Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
c/o Andrew Morang
Research Physical Scientist
3909 Halls Ferry Road, ATTN: CEERD-HN-CE
Vicksburg, MS 39180-6199
US

(601) 634-2064 (voice)
(601) 634-3080 (FAX)
andrew.morang@usace.army.mil

Hours_of_Service:
7:45 AM to 4:15 PM (Central), Monday through Friday, excluding federal holidays
Metadata standard:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)


Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Mon Mar 04 08:59:23 2013