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1920 Aerial Photography of the Atlantic Coast of New Jersey from Cape May to Sea Bright and Sandy Hook, United States of America

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineer Research and Development Center, US Army Corps of Engineers
Publication_Date: 20050224
Title:
1920 Aerial Photography of the Atlantic Coast of New Jersey from Cape May to Sea Bright and Sandy Hook, United States of America
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:
remote-sensing images TIFF format, raster images, 600 x 600 dpi and JPEG format, raster images, 300 x 300 dpi.
Description:
Abstract:
These are black and white aerial photographs of the Atlantic coast of New Jersey. Photograph date is believed to be March 1920, based on hand-written notation on some of the storage envelopes and other sources. In addition, photo 012 shows Turtle Gut Inlet to be open, and the inlet closed naturally in 1921. Sandy Hook photographs, nos. 201-211, may be a later date. Source of paper prints: photographic archives of the Beach Erosion Board (predecessor of the former Coastal Engineering Research Center), presently stored at the Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineer Research and Development Center, in Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA. Print condition: variable. These prints look like they were made quickly because many of the negatives are crooked on the photographic paper. Most are low contrast and show fading and discoloration. Printed on single-weight glossy paper. The printing date is unknown.
Purpose:
These historical photographs have been scanned and digital files produced. The files will be available for researchers and coastal managers to analyze shoreline change, urbanization trends, wetland loss, transportation patterns, coastal protection structures, and geomorphic changes.
Supplemental_Information:
From the Annual Report of the Director, U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey June 30, 1920 (p. 88): "In March 1920, the Army Air Service photographed the coast line of New Jersey from Cape May to Seabright. A single flight was made, using the k-1 camera. The plane flew at an altitude of 10,000 feet, and under very good air conditions. The camera was mounted in gimbals, with a lead weight at its lowest point to assist in maintaining the optical axis of the camera in a vertical position. Level bubbles were placed on the camera to aid in keeping the camera in the proper position. The photographs are being used to revise the charts of the coast of New Jersey. The individual photographs are 18 x 24 cm. in size, and the approximate scale is 1:10000. The photographs are mounted in strip mosaics, for convenience sake, not over 4 feet in length. The length is generally determined by the position of control points. This composite photograph is compared with the topographic sheet of the same area and control points identified. The scale of the photographic mosaic is determined, and by means of pantograph the data are reduced to the scale of the chart and transferred from the photographs to tracing paper." "The photographing of the 120 miles of coast line took less than 2 hours time in the airplane. The development of the films and printing took 2 daysí time of one man. Two rolls of film were used, a total of 183 photographs. The work of interpreting the photographs, assembling mosaics, comparison with topographic sheets, and reduction to the scale of the chart of the outside shore line required 15 days office work by one engineer."
Supplemental_Information:
A storm called "the great sleet storm of 1920" occurred 6 Feb 1920. The photographs were taken a few weeks later because all the snow is gone, even in obvious shadow areas. Also, recovery berms can be seen on the beaches. No frames between Sea Bright and Sandy Hook have been found. The Sandy Hook frames are a different flight and probably a different date. Total number of frames is 200. Frames 087 to 090 were duplicate coverage and have not been included in the archive. These files have not been orthorectified or projected in this archive, but the 1920 flight has been orthorectified at the Coastal Research Center of the Richard Stockton College of New Jersey. Public availability of the georeferenced files is unknown.
Supplemental_Infomation: Additional details of the 1920 flight: Smith, J.T., Jr. 1981. A history of flying and photography in the Photogrammetry Division of the National Ocean Survey, 1919-79. National Ocean Survey, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrsation, U.S. Department of Commerce, 486 p.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19200301
Beginning_Time: 0000
Ending_Date: 19200330
Ending_Time: 2359
Currentness_Reference: 20130301
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.92
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.98
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.71
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.92
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: aerial photography
Theme_Keyword: black and white photography
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: New Jersey
Place_Keyword: Atlantic Coast
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: NJ
Place_Keyword: US
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineer Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
Contact_Person: Andrew Morang
Contact_Position: Research Physical Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and physical
Address: 3909 Halls Ferry Road, ATTN: CEERD-HN-CE
City: Vicksburg
State_or_Province: MS
Postal_Code: 39180-6199
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (601)634-2064
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (601)634-3080
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: andrew.morang@usace.army.mil
Hours_of_Service:
7:45 AM to 4:15 PM (Central), Monday through Friday, excluding federal holidays
Contact_Instructions: None

Data_Quality_Information:
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Army Air Service
Publication_Date: Unknown
Publication_Time: Unknown
Title:
Aerial Photography of the Atlantic Coast of New Jersey from Cape May to Sea Bright and Sandy Hook, United States of America
Type_of_Source_Media: Silver gelatin paper prints
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19200301
Beginning_Time: 0000
Ending_Date: 19200330
Ending_Time: 2359
Source_Contribution: 200 black and white aerial photographs
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The black and white photographs were converted to TIFF images at a resolution of 600 x 600 dpi using a UMAX PowerLook 1000 scanner with SilverFast v6.2.0r6 software.
Process_Date: 20050111
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineering Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
Contact_Person: Doyle L. Jones
Contact_Position: Physical Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 3909 Halls Ferry Road, ATTN: CEERD-HN-CD
City: Vicksburg
State_or_Province: MS
Postal_Code: 39180-6199
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (601) 634-2069
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (601) 634-3080
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: Doyle.L.Jones@usace.army.mil
Hours_of_Service:
7:45 AM to 4:15 PM (Central), Monday through Friday, excluding federal holidays

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineering Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
Contact_Person: Andrew Morang
Contact_Position: Research Physical Scients
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: physical and mail
Address: 3909 Halls Ferry Road, ATTN: CEERD-HN-CE
City: Vicksburg
State_or_Province: MS
Postal_Code: 39180-6199
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (601) 634-2064
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (601) 634-3080
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: andrew.morang@erdc.usace.army.mil
Hours_of_Service:
7:45 AM to 4:15 PM (Central), Monday through Friday, excluding federal holidays
Distribution_Liability: None
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: TIFF, 600 x 600 dpi
Transfer_Size: 50
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://rsm.usace.army.mil/shore/>
Fees: None
Ordering_Instructions: Online only at <http://rsm.usace.army.mil/shore/>
Custom_Order_Process: None
Technical_Prerequisites: Internet access only

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20130301
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Engineer Research and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers
Contact_Person: Andrew Morang
Contact_Position: Research Physical Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 3909 Halls Ferry Road, ATTN: CEERD-HN-CE
City: Vicksburg
State_or_Province: MS
Postal_Code: 39180-6199
Country: US
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (601) 634-2064
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (601) 634-3080
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: andrew.morang@usace.army.mil
Hours_of_Service:
7:45 AM to 4:15 PM (Central), Monday through Friday, excluding federal holidays
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998


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